AI Security & Governance Certification

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AI Security & Governance Certification
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The Regulatory Response to AI

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The Regulatory Response to AI

With the widespread adoption of AI models and systems in the business and commercial sectors, and the rapid evolution of their capabilities and applications, governments and legislators worldwide are taking swift action to establish regulatory controls on the use of AI. These measures aim to identify, mitigate, and oversee privacy and related risks associated with AI models and systems before they can cause significant harm to individuals. This proactive global response to AI is characterized by a concerted effort to strike a delicate balance between technological innovation, business potential, individual rights, and the broader societal good.

Comprehensive Legislation Approach

  • European Union
    Similar to the groundbreaking General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that revolutionized data privacy, the European Union (EU) is once again at the forefront of regulatory efforts, this time addressing the burgeoning field of artificial intelligence (AI) through the transformative AI Act. The scope of the AI Act extends not only to the entities involved in developing and deploying AI within the EU but also to third-country providers and deployers placing AI systems on the EU market. 

    Taking a risk-based approach, the AI Act classifies different AI systems based on their intended purpose. It prohibits specific AI use cases while outlining comprehensive regulatory checks for  other AI systems which it deems to be involved in activities that pose a significantly high risk of harm to health, safety, or fundamental rights of natural persons. In addition, there are also specific regulatory requirements for general-purpose AI systems and AI systems intended to directly interact with natural persons or that synthetically generate or manipulate text, audio, image or video.

    Nearly three years after its proposal, the landmark AI Act was approved by the European Parliament on March 13, 2024. The law will take effect 20 days after its publication in the Official Journal of the EU.

  • Canada
    In June 2022, the Government of Canada tabled the landmark Artificial Intelligence and Data Act (AIDA) as part of the omnibus Bill C-27, Digital Charter Implementation Act 2022. The AIDA aims to set out new measures to regulate international and inter-provincial trade and commerce in AI systems and establish common requirements for the design, development, and use of AI systems in Canada.
  • Brazil
    Introduced in the Brazilian Senate in May 2023, the Bill of Law 2338/2023 (Bill 2338) is currently under consideration by the legislature for a comprehensive regulatory framework for AI in Brazil. Just like the EU’s AI Act and Canada’s AIDA, Bill 2338 follows a risk-based approach providing for two risk levels for AI systems: Excessive risk and High risk.

Hybrid/Sectoral Approach


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San Jose, CA 95128

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